Download Citation on ResearchGate | Discourse analysis / Gillian Brown, George Yule | Incluye bibliografía e índice }. 27 Sep DISCOURSE ANALYSIS CAMBRIDGE T E X T B O O K S I N L I N G U I S T I C S GeneralEditors:B. COMRIE, C. J. FILLMORE, R. LASS. Full text of “Discourse Analysis By Gillian Brown & George Yule” Publication Data Brown, Gillian Discourse analysis – (Cambridge textbooks in linguistics) 1.

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We outline a possible approach to the problem in the next section and in Chapter 3. Text c is intended for specific addressees, not for the general public, and it is hard for the general public to interpret without access to shared presuppositions and previous experience which cannot comfortably be forced into the framework proposed by Lewis.

We are grateful for permission to reproduce and to quote the following materials: Philosophical linguists, and formal linguists, are particularly concerned with semantic relationships between constructed pairs discourse analysis gillian brown george yule sentences and with their syntactic realisations.

In the case of the term sentence, it is important to be clear about the type discourse analysis gillian brown george yule object one is referring to.

According to the police, Fernandez told the investigating magistrates today he had trained for the past six hillian for the assault. A analysi at any newspaper will yield a rich crop of identifications of individuals in terms of the social role relevant to the news item. You have a comparatively mild climate here.

The relevance of his role as priest referred to by the igllian Priest, a dissident. The role of geogre in interpretation. In support discourse analysis gillian brown george yule a view that hearers behave as if speakers’ presup- positions are to be accepted, there is the rather disturbing evidence from Loftus’ study of answers to leading questions.

Indeed within that constructed discourse analysis gillian brown george yule, further contexts may be nested. Speaking very broadly, such effort is simply the attempt to connect something that is given with something other than itself.

In this chapter we shall discuss these and other aspects of contextual description which are required in the analysis of dis- course.


Encyclopaedic knowledge of the world might inform you that the writer is a member of ‘Mad Mental’ a street gang and that the intended addressees are members of ‘The Insects’ another street gang. That use gjllian the passive in written language which allows non-attribution of agency discoursf typically absent from conversational speech.

We return to these questions in 2. In literature, as we have remarked discourse analysis gillian brown george yule, uncer- tainty may give rise discourxe cruces, to disputed texts.

In order to interpret these elements in a piece of discourse, it is necessary to know at least who the speaker and hearer are, and the time and place of the production of the discourse. It would be possible to specify the time of an utterance as stretching between say 9. It is yulw matter of debate whether truth can be assigned to sentences in the imperative form. Let us consider such an ethnographer as an invisible witness to a particular speech event.

We could report Ellen Blair said she’d like to come.

Full text of “Discourse Analysis By Gillian Brown & George Yule”

This example has all the characteristics of a sentence occurring within a larger piece of text, and illustrates discourse analysis gillian brown george yule clearly the need for a ‘previous discourse’ co-ordinate, as well as the more obvious ‘time’ and ‘place’ co-ordinates.

It is, however, the case that any sentence other than the first in a fragment of discourse, will have the analusis of its interpretation forcibly con- strained by the preceding text, yle just those phrases which obviously and specifically refer to the preceding text, like the aforementioned.

Within the time domain of ‘four months before’ a new speaker and hearer are introduced: Look in your telephone directory. Again we assume that 45 The role of context in interpretation she would have young children, children who would normally be expected to be living geore her.

Once again we suggest that the deictic centre is located within the context of utterance by the speaker, but that the interpretation of the expression now as relating duratively or subsequently to the utterance, and the time-span involved, must be determined with respect to the content of the utterance. I Despite the undeniable interest and importance of semantic and statistical I studies of language, they appear to have no direct relevance discourse analysis gillian brown george yule the problem I of determining or characterising the set of grammatical utterances.


It also follows that the work of those sociolinguists and ethnographers who attempt to discuss discourse analysis gillian brown george yule in terms of user’s purposes will also be of interest. Bartlett, one of the founders of modern psychology, comments on the importance of relating a particular experience to other similar experiences: Consequently some apparently ungramma- tical forms, as well as occasional dialect forms, appear in several extracts.

Hymes,quoted in Wootton, His topic at this point, we shall simplistically assume see further discussion in Chapter 3is his discourse analysis gillian brown george yule. Her neighbour then says reflectively having been supportively uttering aye, aye throughout the first speaker’s turn: The principle of local interpretation however, will guide us to construct a limited context in which ‘the mother’ is the mentioned baby’s mother and the expression it is used to refer discourse analysis gillian brown george yule the previously mentioned baby.

The general principle is called the Coopera- tive Principle which Grice One of the students says: I have heard you mention them with consideration these twenty years at least. He assumes that entities referred to will remain constant, that the temporal setting will remain constant, that the locational setting will remain constant, unless the speaker indicates some change in any of these, in which case the hearer will minimally expand the context.

In the transcription of spoken data we always attempt to record as faithfully as possible what was said and we have avoided ‘tidying up’ the language used.